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USA. Coronavirus has caused a sharp decline in container shipping for retailers

USA. Coronavirus has caused a sharp decline in container shipping for retailers

Experts freight broker mentorship program predicted such a course of events at the beginning of 2020 and analyzed about ten ports in the country. According to the analysis, a report was provided in which it was highlighted that the amount of imports does not directly 

Fatal mistakes in the air transportation of animals: who is to blame

Fatal mistakes in the air transportation of animals: who is to blame

Transportation of animals can be very roughly divided into two types: Transportation of small animals in the passenger compartment Transportation of animals in the luggage compartment. If in the first case everything is quite clear and regulated in detail by the rules of the airline, 

What is the reason for the growth of rates Russia – EU – Russia?

What is the reason for the growth of rates Russia – EU – Russia?

As a rule, every year, from June to December, one can observe an increase in cargo traffic by at least 20%. This is due both to the pre-holiday hype and the completion of numerous supply contracts, which, as a rule, end at this time. Under the terms of most of them, it is necessary to deliver a certain amount of goods on time. Naturally, this affects the growth of prices for transport services. Traditionally, before the New Year holidays, prices for transport logistics begin to rise.

At the same time, experts note that last year the upward trend appeared earlier than usual and today looks much more stable. This applies to both domestic and international road transport, including the route Russia – Europe. In October alone, prices in this direction increased by an average of 10 to 15%. Tariffs for the delivery of goods requiring temperature control, as well as for the transportation of high-risk goods, increased the most. In general, carriers note an increase in rates by 10-35%, depending on the route and type of cargo.

What affects the increase in shipping costs

A combination of various factors led to an increase in the cost of transporting goods along the route Europe – Russia. Some of them influenced the decrease in the intensity of the use of transport, and others, the increase in freight traffic. Connecting together, they determined their negative impact on the state of the market. Among these reasons are:

Rising fuel prices both in Russia, Belarus and in Europe.
An increase of 18% or more in the cost of new cars, as well as spare parts and consumables for them, has reduced the number of used vehicles on the market.
A decrease in the number of professional drivers in the labor market due to their flow to European companies with higher salaries, which caused a forced increase in the salaries of the remaining workers.
COVID restrictions, vaccination requirements have also reduced the number of drivers who can fully work on European routes.
Long-term idleness of checkpoints in the autumn at the Polish-Belarusian and Polish-Lithuanian border crossings, which provoked the formation of huge queues on both sides of the border.
Difficult situation with the issuance and execution of transit permits.
An increase in demand in the pre-holiday period, as well as additional cargo traffic, which is caused by the expectations of new “waves” of COVID-19.
It is not easy to predict the future state of prices in the European direction of road transport, but it is hardly worth waiting for an improvement in the situation.

Container ships

Container ships

They are what we represent when it comes to sea freight. From the name it is obvious that this type of vessel is designed to carry containers. There is a separate classification of containers, according to strict international rules, which correlates with the type of 

Gas carriers

Gas carriers

In essence, these are also tankers, but, as the name implies, due to the characteristics of the cargo, they have special specifics and stand out in a separate class of ships, which, in turn, is divided into different types. Screenshot_13.jpg Pressure – when gases are 

Tanker

Tanker

Used for the transportation of liquid cargo. Most often, this type of vessel transports oil and oil products, but also transports water, food oils and other liquid cargoes. Simplifying the above: everything that can be poured is transported by tanker.

The different set of tankers vary in size (similar to bulk carriers) and in the type of cargo carried.

The size classification for tankers is identical to that for bulk carriers, although there are exceptions:

VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier) – have a deadweight of 60,000 – 320,000 tons. Such vessels are used to transport oil from the Middle East to the Gulf of Mexico.

ULCC (Ultra Large Crude Carrier) – have a deadweight of more than 320,000 tons, however, such giants are not so often used due to their narrow focus.